Treatment For Jaw Joint And Clenching

Treatment For T.M.J.(Jaw Joint) Pain & Clenching Disorders

There is no direct treatment available for T.M.J. Pain except surgery. The problem is multifactorial and needs careful diagnosis and treatment.


Heat therapy and medication
These assist in reducing muscle tension and spasm. However, immediately after an injury to the TMJ, treatment with cold applications is best.

Laser therapy
Massage and laser bio-stimulation help to decrease pain and increase the range of motion and strength of the joint.

Occlusal therapy
A custom-made acrylic soft or Hard splint also called a nightguard, which fits over the teeth is commonly prescribed for the night. It acts to balance the bite and reduce or eliminate teeth grinding or clenching (bruxism).

Correction of bite abnormalities
Corrective dental therapy, such as orthodontics, may be required to correct an abnormal bite. Dental restorations assist in creating a more stable bite. Adjustments of bridges or crowns act to ensure proper alignment of the teeth.

Surgery is indicated in those situations in which medical therapy has failed. It is done as a last resort. TMJ arthroscopy, ligament tightening, joint restructuring, and joint replacement are considered in the most severe cases of joint damage or deterioration.

Tooth Extraction

In a large number of patients, a successful early treatment ensures that all permanent teeth get accommodated, and more often there is no need to extract permanent teeth at a later stage for creating space.

Broken/Chipped Teeth

Broken/chipped teeth may require specialized treatment i.e. root canal treatment. Early orthodontic treatment corrects such teeth rapidly thereby prevents permanent damage.

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This tremendous facial improvement is always accompanied by a wonderful personality change. Thus, there is not only a dental but also a mental advantage too. These conditions go unnoticed if you wait till 12 years of age.

What are TMJ disorders, and how are TMJ disorders caused?

The following are conditions that can lead to TMJ disorders.

Teeth grinding and teeth clenching (bruxism) increasing the wear on the cartilage lining of the TMJ. Those who grind or clench their teeth may be unaware of this outselling unless they are told by someone observing this pattern while sleeping or by a dental professional noticing telltale signs of wear and tear on the teeth. Many patients awaken in the morning with jaw or ear pain.

Habitual gum chewing or fingernail biting.

Dental problems and misalignment of the teeth (malocclusion). Patients may complain that it is difficult to find a comfortable bite or that the way their teeth fit together has changed. Chewing on only one side of the jaw can lead to or be a result of TMJ problems.

Trauma to the jaws: Previous fractures in the jaw or facial bones can lead to TMJ disorders.

Stress frequently leads to unreleased nervous energy. It is very common for people under stress to release this nervous energy by either consciously or unconsciously grinding or clenching their teeth.

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